Get a deeper understanding of robot vision and humanrobot interaction with myCobot AI Kit.

Introduction
What is AI Kit?
Based on the Linux system and a 1:1 simulation model in ROS, the AI Kit composes of the vision, accurate grabbing, and automatic sorting modules. Featuring robot vision, an equipped camera can recognize and locate the blocks of different colors or images through OpenCV, and then the core processor of the robotic arm can calculate their current and targeted spatial coordinate positions, and finally grab a block into the corresponding buckets.
Let's talk about the indepth understanding of AI Kit algorithms.
Color recognition
Color recognition refers to grabbing the corresponding color blocks and putting them into the corresponding color buckets within the recognition area and range.
video：
demonstration
The process is to return the coordinate data of the wooden block to the computer after OpenCV recognizes the object under the camera, gets the actual coordinates of the wooden block through calculation, and then transfers the actual coordinates of the wooden block to the robot arm to perform the grabbing.
To achieve this, we need to solve two problems.
1. How to get information of the block?
2. How to get the real coordinates from the information of the blocks？1. How to get information of the blocks?
We can get the information of the blocks through OpenCV.
The color processing of OpenCV
Put HSV of red, yellow, blue, and green in the library.
code：self.HSV = { "yellow": [np.array([11, 115, 70]), np.array([40, 255, 245])], "red": [np.array([0, 43, 46]), np.array([8, 255, 255])], "green": [np.array([35, 43, 46]), np.array([77, 255, 255])], # [77, 255, 255] "blue": [np.array([100, 43, 46]), np.array([124, 255, 255])], "cyan": [np.array([78, 43, 46]), np.array([99, 255, 255])], # np.array([78, 43, 46]), np.array([99, 255, 255]) } def color_detect(self, img): # set the arrangement of color'HSV x = y = 0 for mycolor, item in self.HSV.items(): redLower = np.array(item[0]) redUpper = np.array(item[1]) # transfrom the img to model of gray hsv = cv2.cvtColor(img, cv2.COLOR_BGR2HSV) # wipe off all color expect color in range mask = cv2.inRange(hsv, item[0], item[1]) ...
If the other colors don't have the HSV parameter added, then the block will be grabbed into the gray bucket by default in the program.
After successfully recognising the color, it's time to get the coordinate information of the block.
The final returned data is the coordinates of the center point of the blocks.
code：def color_detect(self, img): # set the arrangement of color'HSV x = y = 0 for mycolor, item in self.HSV.items(): redLower = np.array(item[0]) redUpper = np.array(item[1]) # transfrom the img to model of gray hsv = cv2.cvtColor(img, cv2.COLOR_BGR2HSV) # wipe off all color expect color in range mask = cv2.inRange(hsv, item[0], item[1]) # a etching operation on a picture to remove edge roughness erosion = cv2.erode(mask, np.ones((1, 1), np.uint8), iterations=2) # the image for expansion operation, its role is to deepen the color depth in the picture dilation = cv2.dilate(erosion, np.ones( (1, 1), np.uint8), iterations=2) # adds pixels to the image target = cv2.bitwise_and(img, img, mask=dilation) # the filtered image is transformed into a binary image and placed in binary ret, binary = cv2.threshold(dilation, 127, 255, cv2.THRESH_BINARY) # get the contour coordinates of the image, where contours is the coordinate value, here only the contour is detected contours, hierarchy = cv2.findContours( dilation, cv2.RETR_EXTERNAL, cv2.CHAIN_APPROX_SIMPLE) if len(contours) > 0: # do something about misidentification boxes = [ box for box in [cv2.boundingRect(c) for c in contours] if min(img.shape[0], img.shape[1]) / 10 < min(box[2], box[3]) < min(img.shape[0], img.shape[1]) / 1 ] if boxes: for box in boxes: x, y, w, h = box # find the largest object that fits the requirements c = max(contours, key=cv2.contourArea) # get the lower left and upper right points of the positioning object x, y, w, h = cv2.boundingRect(c) # locate the target by drawing rectangle cv2.rectangle(img, (x, y), (x+w, y+h), (153, 153, 0), 2) # calculate the rectangle center x, y = (x*2+w)/2, (y*2+h)/2 # calculate the real coordinates of mycobot relative to the target if mycolor == "red": self.color = 0 elif mycolor == "green": self.color = 1 elif mycolor == "cyan": self.color = 2 else: self.color = 3 if abs(x) + abs(y) > 0: return x, y else: return None
2. How to get the real coordinates from the information of the blocks？
To solve this problem, we need to deal with the ratio between the distance in computer and reality.
Except for the coordinates of the blocks in the recognition area, the rest of the parameters are known, such as the distance of the camera from the center point of the robotic arm base, the length of the Arcuo board, and the coordinates of the center of the Arcuo board, so the ratio is also known.
(The coordinates of the buckets have been set in the program in advance. When the corresponding colors are identified, the blocks will be grabbed into the corresponding buckets.
The blocks of other colors that are not added in advance in HSV will be put into gray buckets)Therefore, we can get the distance in the computer and then calculate the actual distance of d to achieve this function.
code:cap_num = 0 cap = cv2.VideoCapture(cap_num, cv2.CAP_V4L) if not cap.isOpened(): cap.open() # init a class of Object_detect detect = Object_detect() # init mycobot detect.run() _init_ = 20 # init_num = 0 nparams = 0 num = 0 real_sx = real_sy = 0 while cv2.waitKey(1) < 0: # read camera _, frame = cap.read() # deal img frame = detect.transform_frame(frame) if _init_ > 0: _init_ = 1 continue # calculate the parameters of camera clipping if init_num < 20: if detect.get_calculate_params(frame) is None: cv2.imshow("figure", frame) continue else: x1, x2, y1, y2 = detect.get_calculate_params(frame) detect.draw_marker(frame, x1, y1) detect.draw_marker(frame, x2, y2) detect.sum_x1 += x1 detect.sum_x2 += x2 detect.sum_y1 += y1 detect.sum_y2 += y2 init_num += 1 continue elif init_num == 20: detect.set_cut_params( (detect.sum_x1)/20.0, (detect.sum_y1)/20.0, (detect.sum_x2)/20.0, (detect.sum_y2)/20.0, ) detect.sum_x1 = detect.sum_x2 = detect.sum_y1 = detect.sum_y2 = 0 init_num += 1 continue # calculate params of the coords between cube and mycobot if nparams < 10: if detect.get_calculate_params(frame) is None: cv2.imshow("figure", frame) continue else: x1, x2, y1, y2 = detect.get_calculate_params(frame) detect.draw_marker(frame, x1, y1) detect.draw_marker(frame, x2, y2) detect.sum_x1 += x1 detect.sum_x2 += x2 detect.sum_y1 += y1 detect.sum_y2 += y2 nparams += 1 continue elif nparams == 10: nparams += 1 # calculate and set params of calculating real coord between cube and mycobot detect.set_params( (detect.sum_x1+detect.sum_x2)/20.0, (detect.sum_y1+detect.sum_y2)/20.0, abs(detect.sum_x1detect.sum_x2)/10.0 + abs(detect.sum_y1detect.sum_y2)/10.0 ) print ("ok") continue # get detect result detect_result = detect.color_detect(frame) if detect_result is None: cv2.imshow("figure", frame) continue else: x, y = detect_result # calculate real coord between cube and mycobot real_x, real_y = detect.get_position(x, y) if num == 20: detect.pub_marker(real_sx/20.0/1000.0, real_sy/20.0/1000.0) detect.decide_move(real_sx/20.0, real_sy/20.0, detect.color) num = real_sx = real_sy = 0 else: num += 1 real_sy += real_y real_sx += real_x cv2.imshow("figure", frame)
Summary
The problems can be solved through using the algorithms above, and we can achieve applications in robot vision and humanrobot interaction. The myCobot AI Kit can quickly start with machine vision and artificial intelligencerelated information.
Please leave your comments below if you have any good ideas or ways to improve. I hope you can develop your artificial intelligence scene on this basis!
The complete code is on GitHub.
Detailed video on youtube.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y51VIikAhcs 
that's so good

Thanks for your approval!